Photographer Paola Paredes went undercover to document an alarming trend: the Ecuadorian rehab facilities that 'treat' gay people by brutal force. Drawing from the accounts of former patients, she pieced together why some people never make it back. Drawing from the accounts of former patients, she pieced together why some never make it back. The conversation lasted over three hours, with three different cameras taking a photo every five seconds just to capture every emotion in detail.
'Treatments' as torture: gay conversion therapy's deep roots in Australia
Life inside the torture clinics that 'cure' homosexuality
A new wave of persecutions against the LGBT community in Chechnya began in late December , leading to the death of two people and the incarceration of dozens of others, the Russian LGBT Network detailed in a document published on Monday. What happened next, according to the article, was a new round of extrajudicial arrests, which include the withdrawal of documents, threats of repercussions against gay people and their loved ones and the forced signature of empty forms. Other tortures are said to have led to the death of at least two people. They were terrible in too - people were tortured with electric shocks and beaten with plastic pipes. The news comes just weeks after an Organisation for the Security and Cooperation in Europe OSCE report drafted by Austrian professor Wolfgang Benedek confirmed that the Chechen authorities have been abusing people based on their perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity since at least January Other people who were persecuted according to Benedek are human rights defenders, lawyers, independent media workers and members of civil society.
Arrests, torture and deaths part of Chechnya 'gay purge' accusations from Russian LGBT network
Conversion therapy is the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual using psychological or spiritual interventions. There is no reliable evidence that sexual orientation can be changed and medical bodies warn that conversion therapy practices are ineffective and potentially harmful. The highest-profile advocates of conversion therapy today tend to be fundamentalist Christian groups and other organizations which use a religious justification for the therapy rather than speaking of homosexuality as "a disease".
The authors do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The debate was to include discussion of giving parents greater access to conversion therapy for their children to counsel them away from same-sex attraction or gender transition. Yet this therapy has not received the same level of public scrutiny as it has overseas. There is no scientific or medical evidence to support the use of conversion therapies. Nevertheless, the lack of evidence appears to have had little effect on those calling for more debate on these therapies.